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Behind the Headlines: Agreement between Iran and P5+1

​Nuclear capabilities in the hands of Iran are a game changer that will certainly spark a nuclear arms race that will undermine regional security in the Middle East. This is a threat not only to Israel but also to the moderate countries in the Middle East and well beyond.

​The Joint Comprehensive Agreement reached between the P5+1 and Iran on July 14, 2015 impairs Israel's national security.

The agreement enables Iran to continue its significant enrichment of uranium far beyond any practical civilian needs. These capabilities have been acquired by deception, concealment, and above all recurring violations of UN Security Council resolutions.

In placing partial constraints for a limited number of years and areas, the agreement in effect only postpones Iran's achievement of military nuclear capability. When these limitations end, Iran will be able to increase its overall enrichment capacity significantly.

The agreement does not adequately limit Iran's research and development capabilities, particularly with regard to advanced centrifuges. In the case of "breakout" to a nuclear device, Iran could rely on its ability to enrich rapidly and covertly, shortening the time needed to produce a bomb.

Iran already has the enrichment capability to produce a bomb. It also has the suitable means of delivery (ballistic missiles and advanced guided missiles). Without limitations on its weaponization, the way is paved for Iran to assemble a bomb.

The agreement curtails UN Security Council resolutions that imposed an arms embargo on Iran and restrictions on its ballistic missile capabilities. The outcome of such concessions could enable Iran to further develop its missile program and to enhance its conventional military capabilities.

The agreement does not ensure a tight enough monitoring and verification mechanism. Iran has achieved its advanced nuclear capability covertly despite the IAEA's safeguards mechanism, and will be able to continue deceiving, evading and concealing.

The imminent removal of sanctions imposed on Iran eliminates the most efficient leverage that was restricting Iran's actions and that brought it to the negotiating table in the first place. Maintaining the pressure is the only means of ensuring that Iran will uphold its commitments.

As part of the economic benefits of the agreement, Iran will gain access to frozen funds (up to $150 billion). These funds will be used to increase Iran's subversive activities in the region and its support of terror (including Hezbollah) against Israel and its neighbors, as well as to strengthen the rule of the Ayatollahs. Iran's subversive activities in Iraq, Syria, Lebanon and Yemen will only increase, as it will enjoy international legitimacy deriving from this agreement and an empowered status as a threshold nuclear state.

Nuclear capabilities in the hands of Iran are a game changer and will almost certainly spark a nuclear arms race that will undermine regional security in the Middle East. A nuclear Iran is a threat not only to Israel but also to the moderate countries in the Middle East and well beyond.

PM Netanyahu: " Iran aspires to attain an atomic bomb. The most dangerous regime in the world must not be allowed to have the most dangerous weapon in the world."

PM Netanyahu remarks on the Iranian threat at the Great Synagogue in Rome

PM Netanyahu: " Iran aspires to attain an atomic bomb. The most dangerous regime in the world must not be allowed to have the most dangerous weapon in the world." 

Prime Minister Benjamin Netanyahu at the Great Synagogue in Rome, made the following remarks at the candle-lighting ceremony of Chanukah:

"In contrast to others, when I see that interests vital to the security of Israel's citizens are in danger, I will not be silent.

It is very easy to be silent. It is very easy to receive a pat on the shoulder from the international community, to bow one's head, but I am committed to the security of my people. I am committed to the future of my state and in contrast to periods in the past, we have a loud and clear voice among the nations and we will sound it in time in order to warn of the danger.

And as to the actual threat, we will act against it in time if need be. I would like to dispel any illusions. Iran aspires to attain an atomic bomb. It would thus threaten not only Israel but also Italy, Europe and the entire world. There should be no going astray after the attack of smiles. Today there is a regime in Iran that supports terrorism, facilitates the massacre of civilians in Syria and unceasingly arms its proxies – Hamas, Hezbollah and Islamic Jihad – with deadly missiles.

The most dangerous regime in the world must not be allowed to have the most dangerous weapon in the world. As we have warned, and I say this with regret, the sanctions regime has started to weaken and very quickly. If tangible steps are not taken soon, it is liable to collapse and the efforts of years will vanish without anything in exchange. But at the same time, I tell you and promise in the spirit of the Maccabees, we will not allow Iran to receive a military nuclear capability."


ZOA: Iranian Appeasement Deal Is Our Era’s “Munich” dangerous for America & Israel

The Zionist Organization of America (ZOA) has described the agreement concluded in Geneva between the P5+1 –– the five permanent members of the United Nations Security Council (Britain, China, France, Russia, the United States) and Germany –– and the Islamic Republic of Iran as an appeasement deal. This is our era’s new Munich and President Barack Obama and Secretary of State John Kerry are the new Neville Chamberlains. Dr. Donald Kagan, renowned Professor of Classics at Yale University, in his book, The Origins of War and the Preservation of Peace, has studied appeasement throughout history and concluded, “appeasement has always failed and ultimately led to violence and war.”
Under the terms of the deal, Iran retains all essential elements of its illegal nuclear weapons program while gaining significant relief from sanctions. Iran will be able to
1. Continue construction of its Arak plutonium reactor, suspending, but not terminating, heavy water-related projects and not being required to dismantle the site;
2. Keep all its centrifuges, need not dismantle a single one;
3. Continue to enrich uranium to 5% enrichment for the next six months–– enough, given Iran’s recent, hugely expanded number of centrifuges, now numbering over 18,000, to become a “break-out” nuclear state at a time of its choosing;
4. Retain half of its existing stocks of 20% enriched uranium, ostensibly, for use nuclear fuel for peaceful uses; &
5. Maintain without any limitations its UN Security Council-prohibited intercontinental ballistic missile (ICBM) program, which already enables Iran to strike Israel and Europe and, within a few years, to strike the U.S. as well.
ZOA National President Morton A. Klein said, “As we stated last week, a deal that gives Iran relief from sanctions while allowing it to keep essential elements, not for a nuclear energy program, but for a nuclear weapons program, is a historic mistake making the world a more dangerous place –– not a safe one. That is what we now have.
“Iran will be be able to maintain its research on nuclear explosives which, according to the International Atomic Energy Agency (IAEA) reports in March 2011 and November 2011, ‘may still be ongoing.’
“The Geneva deal brings us no closer to ascertaining the full extent of these activities –– surely a minimum requirement for an interim agreement. How can one have a final agreement on Iran’s nuclear weapons program if the interim agreement specifies no requirements and machinery for ascertaining the extent and nature of such research? As Mark Dubowitz and Orde Kettrie of the Foundation for the Defense of Democracies argue, this is ‘all trust and no verify.’
“If we can’t obtain a comprehensive agreement on ending Iran’s nuclear weapons program, which is the goal, when sanctions now are at their peak, causing Iran great economic pain, how can we expect Iran to end its nuclear weapons program later, when sanctions have been significantly eroded?
“It is an illusion that sanctions can be quickly restored if Iran reneges on this agreement. Sanctions take time to put in place and require agreement from many states eager for trade with Iran. Can anyone recall a case where sanctions that had been dropped were reinstated?
“Worse, the Iranian nuclear weapons program is being unrealistically treated in isolation. This regime has:
• Called repeatedly for destruction for America and Israel;
• Proxies that have murdered thousands of Americans;
• Lied about and concealed its nuclear weapons program in the first place;
• Is the world’s leading state sponsor of terrorism, funding and arming recognized terrorist groups including Hizballah and Hamas, both of which have spoken of destroying Israel and America and murdering Jews worldwide;
• Has murdered scores of Jews in terrorist attacks in Argentina; and
• Murdered numerous Iranian human rights advocates and dissidents abroad.
“Last week, Iran’s Supreme Leader Ayatollah Ali Khameni, even during these very negotiations, has called Israel a ‘rabid dog’ and declared that ‘Zionist officials cannot be called humans, they are like animals, some of them …The Israeli regime is doomed to failure and annihilation.’ He has called America an ‘enemy that smiles.’ He also promised that Tehran would not step back ‘one iota’ from what he called Iran’s nuclear rights; and professed to be interested in American friendship even while his militiamen chanted ‘Death to America.’
“A murderous, theocratic regime cannot be trusted; any agreement with it must be conclusive and verifiable. This one is not.
“Last month, President Obama’s own former aide on the National Security Council, Gary Samore, warned that ending Iran’s present production of 20%-enriched uranium and reducing future production to 3.5% –– as was being proposed at the time –– is inadequate because Iran can now reach weapons-grade uranium with its new, improved centrifuges. The current deal, in which Iran can enrich to 5% is, of course, even more inadequate.
“In this way, President Obama’s agreement in Geneva looks frighteningly like Neville Chamberlain’s appeasement at Munich. At Munich, Germany agreed to get only part of what it wanted but was able to prepare for and seize the rest later unopposed. Here, Iran gets only part of what it wants but can prepare for taking the rest later when sanctions are relaxed. As Dubowitz and Kettrie write, ‘even if Iran faithfully implements each of its commitments under the interim agreement, it could find itself, in May 2014, a mere month further away than it is now from having weapons-grade uranium—but six months closer to having the rest of a deliverable nuclear weapon.’
“This agreement may well be more about having an interim deal in place, no matter how flawed, so that Israel can be constrained from taking action against Iran, rather than about ending Iran’s nuclear weapons program. This is more about stopping Israel than about stopping Iran.
“Remember, Vice-President Joseph Biden and the Chairman of the Joint Chiefs of Staff General Martin Dempsey have both demanded that Israel not use military force against Iran, while Obama adviser and close friend, Zbigniew Brzezinski, once said that, if Israel launched a military strike against Iran, the U.S. should shoot its planes down.
“The ZOA agrees with and commends Senator Charles Schumer (D–NY), who has criticized the Geneva agreement, saying, “It was strong sanctions, not the goodness of the hearts of the Iranian leaders, that brought Iran to the table, and any reduction relieves the psychological pressure of future sanctions and gives them hope that they will be able to gain nuclear weapon capability while further sanctions are reduced. A fairer agreement would have coupled a reduction in sanctions with a proportionate reduction in Iranian nuclear capability … The disproportionality of this agreement makes it more likely that Democrats and Republicans will join together and pass additional sanctions when we return in December.’


ZOA: Iran President Rouhani’s Boasting of Deceiving West on Iran’s Nuclear Weapons Program Underscores the Fraudulence of his Moderate Image

The Zionist Organization of America (ZOA) has drawn attention to new Iranian President Hassan Rouhani’s boasting in an Iranian television interview of having played an instrumental role in Iranian deception on its nuclear weapons program over the years. This is but the latest addition to Rouhani’s long record of extremism, deception on nuclear weapons and involvement in mass casualty acts of Iranian terrorism against Jews, which the ZOA outlined in July when he was elected president. It also demonstrates that his image as a moderate is fraudulent.
Speaking on Iran’s state IRIB TV (Islamic Republic of Iran Broadcasting) on May 27, in response to the interviewer’s challenge that, as Iran’s chief nuclear negotiator in 2003-5, “everything was suspended” on Iran’s nuclear program, Rouhani said this was “a lie” and proceeded to explain that Iran, in fact, had actually breached its international commitments. Rouhani said that Iran had systematically violated its commitments under the Iran-European Union October 2003 Tehran Declaration, which committed Iran to verifiably suspending its nuclear program. He said proudly, “We did not let that happen!”
Far from honoring the commitment, in which Iran said “it has decided voluntarily to suspend all uranium enrichment and reprocessing activities,” Rouhani told the interviewer that all Iran did was merely suspend “ten centrifuges” in its Natanz enrichment facility and that it was “not a total suspension. Just reduced the yield.” When challenged that enrichment had been suspended at its Isfahan plant, Rouhani repudiated this claim, too, saying that work had continued in Isfahan on his watch during 2004-5 as had also the development of the Iranian heavy water reactor at Arak. “Do you know when we developed yellowcake? Winter 2004 … Do you know when the number of centrifuges reached 3,000? Winter 2004 … We halted the nuclear program? We were the ones to complete it! We completed the technology” (‘Rouhani, on Iranian TV in May, detailed how he broke nuclear pledge,’ Times of Israel, October 6, 2013).
ZOA National President Morton A. Klein said, “As we already argued when Rouhani was elected in July, we cannot expect moderation or honesty from him on the nuclear front.
“Even if Rouhani really was a moderate who somehow managed to be approved to run in the presidential elections by the Supreme Leader Ayatollah Ali Khameni and the Guardian Council that actually hold the keys of power in Tehran, Iranian policy would still be in their hands, not Rouhani’s.
“But in any case, as he now plainly boasted with satisfaction, Rouhani was Iran’s chief nuclear negotiator at the time Iran was concealing from the world its clandestine nuclear weapons program and taking the essential steps –– not to develop a peaceful, civilian, nuclear energy program ––but a nuclear weapons program.
“As we have argued before, it is therefore imperative that there is not the slightest weakening of sanctions and other forms of international pressure on the Iranian regime. The only chance of stopping Iran’s nuclear weapons program by non-military means –– a slender chance at best –– is to increase, not decrease, pressure on Tehran.”


President Peres meets with the president and judges of the ICJ: " The Iranian nuclear threat is not just an Israeli problem but for the whole world which doesn't want to be threatened by one country."

President Peres: “The only way to test Iran's intentions is by deeds and not just words. "

President Shimon Peres visited the International Court of Justice in The Hague and held a rare meeting with the judges of the court including President Peter Tomka. President Peres began the meeting by stressing the importance which Israel attaches to international law, Israel's constant struggle against terrorism and the countries which finance it and the importance the ICJ has in solving disputes between states. President Peres said, in the clearest way possible regarding Israel's fight against terror, that "IDF soldiers hold morality and justice as their highest values – the IDF is committed to defense and peace while securing human rights and maintaining international law."
President Peres updated the judges about the status of the negotiations between Israel and the Palestinians and said: "The negotiations with the Palestinians opened not long ago and we hope that they will bear fruit for the two sides who want to live side by side in peace and security. Completing the negotiations is of the utmost importance – it is perhaps the last and most significant conflict between us and the Arab world."
President Peres discussed with the judges the difficulties faced by Israel's citizens who live under the threat of terror and his personal experience of dealing with terrorism as Prime Minister after the assassination of Yitzhak Rabin: "Peace exacts a heavy price but it remains the desire of the people of Israel. I stood with the citizens of Israel in the streets after the assassination of Yitzhak Rabin – as an Israeli I was under a tremendous wave of brutal terror attacks during which buses exploded in the streets and children were murdered in shopping centers. In the years which followed, after the painful and difficult disengagement from the Gaza Strip during which Israel removed families from their homes, rockets were fired at innocent civilians. Mothers and children slept for long periods of time in bomb shelters." The President added that "Israel underwent seven wars but we never stopped our search for peace with our neighbors. Never did a day of war postpone a day of democracy. Never did wars justify injustice."
ICJ President Tomka told President Peres: "We are honored by your presence. Peace can be based on justice and solid legal foundations, whenever we solve disputes between sovereign states we always emphasize that the most efficient way is through negotiations. We wish your people peace and justice in a safe and secure environment with peace with your neighbors"
In the press conference which followed the meeting, President Peres addressed the speech by the President of Iran at the United Nations and said: "Rouhani's speech was nice but it was based on a false reality as Iranian centrifuges, at this very moment, continue to work and produce enriched uranium for a nuclear bomb, the program to develop long range missiles which can carry nuclear warheads is being expanded and the Revolutionary Guards continue to support terror organizations. We listen to the speeches at the United Nations, but the only way to test Iran's intentions is by deeds and not just words. The Iranian nuclear threat is not just an Israeli problem but for the whole world which doesn't want to be threatened by one country."

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