Menu

Deprecated: Non-static method NSP_GK4_Utils::cutText() should not be called statically, assuming $this from incompatible context in /home/jewishne/public_html/modules/mod_news_pro_gk4/tmpl/layout.parts.php on line 200

Deprecated: Non-static method NSP_GK4_Thumbs::createThumbnail() should not be called statically, assuming $this from incompatible context in /home/jewishne/public_html/modules/mod_news_pro_gk4/tmpl/layout.parts.php on line 304

Deprecated: Non-static method NSP_GK4_Thumbs::checkSpecialImages() should not be called statically, assuming $this from incompatible context in /home/jewishne/public_html/modules/mod_news_pro_gk4/gk_classes/gk.thumbs.php on line 127

Deprecated: Non-static method NSP_GK4_Thumbs::translateName() should not be called statically, assuming $this from incompatible context in /home/jewishne/public_html/modules/mod_news_pro_gk4/gk_classes/gk.thumbs.php on line 127

Deprecated: Non-static method NSP_GK4_Thumbs::getRealPath() should not be called statically, assuming $this from incompatible context in /home/jewishne/public_html/modules/mod_news_pro_gk4/gk_classes/gk.thumbs.php on line 32

Deprecated: Non-static method NSP_GK4_Thumbs::checkCache() should not be called statically, assuming $this from incompatible context in /home/jewishne/public_html/modules/mod_news_pro_gk4/gk_classes/gk.thumbs.php on line 206

Deprecated: Non-static method NSP_GK4_Thumbs::translateName() should not be called statically, assuming $this from incompatible context in /home/jewishne/public_html/modules/mod_news_pro_gk4/gk_classes/gk.thumbs.php on line 207

Deprecated: Non-static method NSP_GK4_Thumbs::getRealPath() should not be called statically, assuming $this from incompatible context in /home/jewishne/public_html/modules/mod_news_pro_gk4/gk_classes/gk.thumbs.php on line 32

Deprecated: Non-static method NSP_GK4_Thumbs::translateNameOutput() should not be called statically, assuming $this from incompatible context in /home/jewishne/public_html/modules/mod_news_pro_gk4/tmpl/layout.parts.php on line 306

Deprecated: Non-static method NSP_GK4_Thumbs::getRealPath() should not be called statically, assuming $this from incompatible context in /home/jewishne/public_html/modules/mod_news_pro_gk4/gk_classes/gk.thumbs.php on line 43

Deprecated: Non-static method NSP_GK4_Thumbs::checkSpecialImages() should not be called statically, assuming $this from incompatible context in /home/jewishne/public_html/modules/mod_news_pro_gk4/gk_classes/gk.thumbs.php on line 51

Deprecated: Non-static method NSP_GK4_Utils::cutText() should not be called statically, assuming $this from incompatible context in /home/jewishne/public_html/modules/mod_news_pro_gk4/tmpl/layout.parts.php on line 218

Deprecated: Non-static method NSP_GK4_Utils::cutText() should not be called statically, assuming $this from incompatible context in /home/jewishne/public_html/modules/mod_news_pro_gk4/tmpl/layout.parts.php on line 200

Deprecated: Non-static method NSP_GK4_Thumbs::createThumbnail() should not be called statically, assuming $this from incompatible context in /home/jewishne/public_html/modules/mod_news_pro_gk4/tmpl/layout.parts.php on line 304

Deprecated: Non-static method NSP_GK4_Thumbs::checkSpecialImages() should not be called statically, assuming $this from incompatible context in /home/jewishne/public_html/modules/mod_news_pro_gk4/gk_classes/gk.thumbs.php on line 127

Deprecated: Non-static method NSP_GK4_Thumbs::translateName() should not be called statically, assuming $this from incompatible context in /home/jewishne/public_html/modules/mod_news_pro_gk4/gk_classes/gk.thumbs.php on line 127

Deprecated: Non-static method NSP_GK4_Thumbs::getRealPath() should not be called statically, assuming $this from incompatible context in /home/jewishne/public_html/modules/mod_news_pro_gk4/gk_classes/gk.thumbs.php on line 32

Deprecated: Non-static method NSP_GK4_Thumbs::checkCache() should not be called statically, assuming $this from incompatible context in /home/jewishne/public_html/modules/mod_news_pro_gk4/gk_classes/gk.thumbs.php on line 206

Deprecated: Non-static method NSP_GK4_Thumbs::translateName() should not be called statically, assuming $this from incompatible context in /home/jewishne/public_html/modules/mod_news_pro_gk4/gk_classes/gk.thumbs.php on line 207

Deprecated: Non-static method NSP_GK4_Thumbs::getRealPath() should not be called statically, assuming $this from incompatible context in /home/jewishne/public_html/modules/mod_news_pro_gk4/gk_classes/gk.thumbs.php on line 32

Deprecated: Non-static method NSP_GK4_Thumbs::translateNameOutput() should not be called statically, assuming $this from incompatible context in /home/jewishne/public_html/modules/mod_news_pro_gk4/tmpl/layout.parts.php on line 306

Deprecated: Non-static method NSP_GK4_Thumbs::getRealPath() should not be called statically, assuming $this from incompatible context in /home/jewishne/public_html/modules/mod_news_pro_gk4/gk_classes/gk.thumbs.php on line 43

Deprecated: Non-static method NSP_GK4_Thumbs::checkSpecialImages() should not be called statically, assuming $this from incompatible context in /home/jewishne/public_html/modules/mod_news_pro_gk4/gk_classes/gk.thumbs.php on line 51

Deprecated: Non-static method NSP_GK4_Utils::cutText() should not be called statically, assuming $this from incompatible context in /home/jewishne/public_html/modules/mod_news_pro_gk4/tmpl/layout.parts.php on line 218

Deprecated: Non-static method NSP_GK4_Utils::cutText() should not be called statically, assuming $this from incompatible context in /home/jewishne/public_html/modules/mod_news_pro_gk4/tmpl/layout.parts.php on line 200

Deprecated: Non-static method NSP_GK4_Thumbs::createThumbnail() should not be called statically, assuming $this from incompatible context in /home/jewishne/public_html/modules/mod_news_pro_gk4/tmpl/layout.parts.php on line 304

Deprecated: Non-static method NSP_GK4_Thumbs::checkSpecialImages() should not be called statically, assuming $this from incompatible context in /home/jewishne/public_html/modules/mod_news_pro_gk4/gk_classes/gk.thumbs.php on line 127

Deprecated: Non-static method NSP_GK4_Thumbs::translateName() should not be called statically, assuming $this from incompatible context in /home/jewishne/public_html/modules/mod_news_pro_gk4/gk_classes/gk.thumbs.php on line 127

Deprecated: Non-static method NSP_GK4_Thumbs::getRealPath() should not be called statically, assuming $this from incompatible context in /home/jewishne/public_html/modules/mod_news_pro_gk4/gk_classes/gk.thumbs.php on line 32

Deprecated: Non-static method NSP_GK4_Thumbs::checkCache() should not be called statically, assuming $this from incompatible context in /home/jewishne/public_html/modules/mod_news_pro_gk4/gk_classes/gk.thumbs.php on line 206

Deprecated: Non-static method NSP_GK4_Thumbs::translateName() should not be called statically, assuming $this from incompatible context in /home/jewishne/public_html/modules/mod_news_pro_gk4/gk_classes/gk.thumbs.php on line 207

Deprecated: Non-static method NSP_GK4_Thumbs::getRealPath() should not be called statically, assuming $this from incompatible context in /home/jewishne/public_html/modules/mod_news_pro_gk4/gk_classes/gk.thumbs.php on line 32

Deprecated: Non-static method NSP_GK4_Thumbs::translateNameOutput() should not be called statically, assuming $this from incompatible context in /home/jewishne/public_html/modules/mod_news_pro_gk4/tmpl/layout.parts.php on line 306

Deprecated: Non-static method NSP_GK4_Thumbs::getRealPath() should not be called statically, assuming $this from incompatible context in /home/jewishne/public_html/modules/mod_news_pro_gk4/gk_classes/gk.thumbs.php on line 43

Deprecated: Non-static method NSP_GK4_Thumbs::checkSpecialImages() should not be called statically, assuming $this from incompatible context in /home/jewishne/public_html/modules/mod_news_pro_gk4/gk_classes/gk.thumbs.php on line 51

Deprecated: Non-static method NSP_GK4_Utils::cutText() should not be called statically, assuming $this from incompatible context in /home/jewishne/public_html/modules/mod_news_pro_gk4/tmpl/layout.parts.php on line 218

Deprecated: Non-static method NSP_GK4_Utils::cutText() should not be called statically, assuming $this from incompatible context in /home/jewishne/public_html/modules/mod_news_pro_gk4/tmpl/layout.parts.php on line 200

Deprecated: Non-static method NSP_GK4_Thumbs::createThumbnail() should not be called statically, assuming $this from incompatible context in /home/jewishne/public_html/modules/mod_news_pro_gk4/tmpl/layout.parts.php on line 304

Deprecated: Non-static method NSP_GK4_Thumbs::checkSpecialImages() should not be called statically, assuming $this from incompatible context in /home/jewishne/public_html/modules/mod_news_pro_gk4/gk_classes/gk.thumbs.php on line 127

Deprecated: Non-static method NSP_GK4_Thumbs::translateName() should not be called statically, assuming $this from incompatible context in /home/jewishne/public_html/modules/mod_news_pro_gk4/gk_classes/gk.thumbs.php on line 127

Deprecated: Non-static method NSP_GK4_Thumbs::getRealPath() should not be called statically, assuming $this from incompatible context in /home/jewishne/public_html/modules/mod_news_pro_gk4/gk_classes/gk.thumbs.php on line 32

Deprecated: Non-static method NSP_GK4_Thumbs::checkCache() should not be called statically, assuming $this from incompatible context in /home/jewishne/public_html/modules/mod_news_pro_gk4/gk_classes/gk.thumbs.php on line 206

Deprecated: Non-static method NSP_GK4_Thumbs::translateName() should not be called statically, assuming $this from incompatible context in /home/jewishne/public_html/modules/mod_news_pro_gk4/gk_classes/gk.thumbs.php on line 207

Deprecated: Non-static method NSP_GK4_Thumbs::getRealPath() should not be called statically, assuming $this from incompatible context in /home/jewishne/public_html/modules/mod_news_pro_gk4/gk_classes/gk.thumbs.php on line 32

Deprecated: Non-static method NSP_GK4_Thumbs::translateNameOutput() should not be called statically, assuming $this from incompatible context in /home/jewishne/public_html/modules/mod_news_pro_gk4/tmpl/layout.parts.php on line 306

Deprecated: Non-static method NSP_GK4_Thumbs::getRealPath() should not be called statically, assuming $this from incompatible context in /home/jewishne/public_html/modules/mod_news_pro_gk4/gk_classes/gk.thumbs.php on line 43

Deprecated: Non-static method NSP_GK4_Thumbs::checkSpecialImages() should not be called statically, assuming $this from incompatible context in /home/jewishne/public_html/modules/mod_news_pro_gk4/gk_classes/gk.thumbs.php on line 51

Deprecated: Non-static method NSP_GK4_Utils::cutText() should not be called statically, assuming $this from incompatible context in /home/jewishne/public_html/modules/mod_news_pro_gk4/tmpl/layout.parts.php on line 218

Deprecated: Non-static method NSP_GK4_Utils::cutText() should not be called statically, assuming $this from incompatible context in /home/jewishne/public_html/modules/mod_news_pro_gk4/tmpl/layout.parts.php on line 200

Deprecated: Non-static method NSP_GK4_Thumbs::createThumbnail() should not be called statically, assuming $this from incompatible context in /home/jewishne/public_html/modules/mod_news_pro_gk4/tmpl/layout.parts.php on line 304

Deprecated: Non-static method NSP_GK4_Thumbs::checkSpecialImages() should not be called statically, assuming $this from incompatible context in /home/jewishne/public_html/modules/mod_news_pro_gk4/gk_classes/gk.thumbs.php on line 127

Deprecated: Non-static method NSP_GK4_Thumbs::translateName() should not be called statically, assuming $this from incompatible context in /home/jewishne/public_html/modules/mod_news_pro_gk4/gk_classes/gk.thumbs.php on line 127

Deprecated: Non-static method NSP_GK4_Thumbs::getRealPath() should not be called statically, assuming $this from incompatible context in /home/jewishne/public_html/modules/mod_news_pro_gk4/gk_classes/gk.thumbs.php on line 32

Deprecated: Non-static method NSP_GK4_Thumbs::checkCache() should not be called statically, assuming $this from incompatible context in /home/jewishne/public_html/modules/mod_news_pro_gk4/gk_classes/gk.thumbs.php on line 206

Deprecated: Non-static method NSP_GK4_Thumbs::translateName() should not be called statically, assuming $this from incompatible context in /home/jewishne/public_html/modules/mod_news_pro_gk4/gk_classes/gk.thumbs.php on line 207

Deprecated: Non-static method NSP_GK4_Thumbs::getRealPath() should not be called statically, assuming $this from incompatible context in /home/jewishne/public_html/modules/mod_news_pro_gk4/gk_classes/gk.thumbs.php on line 32

Deprecated: Non-static method NSP_GK4_Thumbs::translateNameOutput() should not be called statically, assuming $this from incompatible context in /home/jewishne/public_html/modules/mod_news_pro_gk4/tmpl/layout.parts.php on line 306

Deprecated: Non-static method NSP_GK4_Thumbs::getRealPath() should not be called statically, assuming $this from incompatible context in /home/jewishne/public_html/modules/mod_news_pro_gk4/gk_classes/gk.thumbs.php on line 43

Deprecated: Non-static method NSP_GK4_Thumbs::checkSpecialImages() should not be called statically, assuming $this from incompatible context in /home/jewishne/public_html/modules/mod_news_pro_gk4/gk_classes/gk.thumbs.php on line 51

Deprecated: Non-static method NSP_GK4_Utils::cutText() should not be called statically, assuming $this from incompatible context in /home/jewishne/public_html/modules/mod_news_pro_gk4/tmpl/layout.parts.php on line 218

Deprecated: Non-static method NSP_GK4_Utils::cutText() should not be called statically, assuming $this from incompatible context in /home/jewishne/public_html/modules/mod_news_pro_gk4/tmpl/layout.parts.php on line 200

Deprecated: Non-static method NSP_GK4_Thumbs::createThumbnail() should not be called statically, assuming $this from incompatible context in /home/jewishne/public_html/modules/mod_news_pro_gk4/tmpl/layout.parts.php on line 304

Deprecated: Non-static method NSP_GK4_Thumbs::checkSpecialImages() should not be called statically, assuming $this from incompatible context in /home/jewishne/public_html/modules/mod_news_pro_gk4/gk_classes/gk.thumbs.php on line 127

Deprecated: Non-static method NSP_GK4_Thumbs::translateName() should not be called statically, assuming $this from incompatible context in /home/jewishne/public_html/modules/mod_news_pro_gk4/gk_classes/gk.thumbs.php on line 127

Deprecated: Non-static method NSP_GK4_Thumbs::getRealPath() should not be called statically, assuming $this from incompatible context in /home/jewishne/public_html/modules/mod_news_pro_gk4/gk_classes/gk.thumbs.php on line 32

Deprecated: Non-static method NSP_GK4_Thumbs::checkCache() should not be called statically, assuming $this from incompatible context in /home/jewishne/public_html/modules/mod_news_pro_gk4/gk_classes/gk.thumbs.php on line 206

Deprecated: Non-static method NSP_GK4_Thumbs::translateName() should not be called statically, assuming $this from incompatible context in /home/jewishne/public_html/modules/mod_news_pro_gk4/gk_classes/gk.thumbs.php on line 207

Deprecated: Non-static method NSP_GK4_Thumbs::getRealPath() should not be called statically, assuming $this from incompatible context in /home/jewishne/public_html/modules/mod_news_pro_gk4/gk_classes/gk.thumbs.php on line 32

Deprecated: Non-static method NSP_GK4_Thumbs::translateNameOutput() should not be called statically, assuming $this from incompatible context in /home/jewishne/public_html/modules/mod_news_pro_gk4/tmpl/layout.parts.php on line 306

Deprecated: Non-static method NSP_GK4_Thumbs::getRealPath() should not be called statically, assuming $this from incompatible context in /home/jewishne/public_html/modules/mod_news_pro_gk4/gk_classes/gk.thumbs.php on line 43

Deprecated: Non-static method NSP_GK4_Thumbs::checkSpecialImages() should not be called statically, assuming $this from incompatible context in /home/jewishne/public_html/modules/mod_news_pro_gk4/gk_classes/gk.thumbs.php on line 51

Deprecated: Non-static method NSP_GK4_Utils::cutText() should not be called statically, assuming $this from incompatible context in /home/jewishne/public_html/modules/mod_news_pro_gk4/tmpl/layout.parts.php on line 218

Deprecated: Non-static method NSP_GK4_Utils::cutText() should not be called statically, assuming $this from incompatible context in /home/jewishne/public_html/modules/mod_news_pro_gk4/tmpl/layout.parts.php on line 200

Deprecated: Non-static method NSP_GK4_Thumbs::createThumbnail() should not be called statically, assuming $this from incompatible context in /home/jewishne/public_html/modules/mod_news_pro_gk4/tmpl/layout.parts.php on line 304

Deprecated: Non-static method NSP_GK4_Thumbs::checkSpecialImages() should not be called statically, assuming $this from incompatible context in /home/jewishne/public_html/modules/mod_news_pro_gk4/gk_classes/gk.thumbs.php on line 127

Deprecated: Non-static method NSP_GK4_Thumbs::translateName() should not be called statically, assuming $this from incompatible context in /home/jewishne/public_html/modules/mod_news_pro_gk4/gk_classes/gk.thumbs.php on line 127

Deprecated: Non-static method NSP_GK4_Thumbs::getRealPath() should not be called statically, assuming $this from incompatible context in /home/jewishne/public_html/modules/mod_news_pro_gk4/gk_classes/gk.thumbs.php on line 32

Deprecated: Non-static method NSP_GK4_Thumbs::checkCache() should not be called statically, assuming $this from incompatible context in /home/jewishne/public_html/modules/mod_news_pro_gk4/gk_classes/gk.thumbs.php on line 206

Deprecated: Non-static method NSP_GK4_Thumbs::translateName() should not be called statically, assuming $this from incompatible context in /home/jewishne/public_html/modules/mod_news_pro_gk4/gk_classes/gk.thumbs.php on line 207

Deprecated: Non-static method NSP_GK4_Thumbs::getRealPath() should not be called statically, assuming $this from incompatible context in /home/jewishne/public_html/modules/mod_news_pro_gk4/gk_classes/gk.thumbs.php on line 32

Deprecated: Non-static method NSP_GK4_Thumbs::translateNameOutput() should not be called statically, assuming $this from incompatible context in /home/jewishne/public_html/modules/mod_news_pro_gk4/tmpl/layout.parts.php on line 306

Deprecated: Non-static method NSP_GK4_Thumbs::getRealPath() should not be called statically, assuming $this from incompatible context in /home/jewishne/public_html/modules/mod_news_pro_gk4/gk_classes/gk.thumbs.php on line 43

Deprecated: Non-static method NSP_GK4_Thumbs::checkSpecialImages() should not be called statically, assuming $this from incompatible context in /home/jewishne/public_html/modules/mod_news_pro_gk4/gk_classes/gk.thumbs.php on line 51

Deprecated: Non-static method NSP_GK4_Utils::cutText() should not be called statically, assuming $this from incompatible context in /home/jewishne/public_html/modules/mod_news_pro_gk4/tmpl/layout.parts.php on line 218

Deprecated: Non-static method NSP_GK4_Utils::cutText() should not be called statically, assuming $this from incompatible context in /home/jewishne/public_html/modules/mod_news_pro_gk4/tmpl/layout.parts.php on line 200

Deprecated: Non-static method NSP_GK4_Thumbs::createThumbnail() should not be called statically, assuming $this from incompatible context in /home/jewishne/public_html/modules/mod_news_pro_gk4/tmpl/layout.parts.php on line 304

Deprecated: Non-static method NSP_GK4_Thumbs::checkSpecialImages() should not be called statically, assuming $this from incompatible context in /home/jewishne/public_html/modules/mod_news_pro_gk4/gk_classes/gk.thumbs.php on line 127

Deprecated: Non-static method NSP_GK4_Thumbs::translateName() should not be called statically, assuming $this from incompatible context in /home/jewishne/public_html/modules/mod_news_pro_gk4/gk_classes/gk.thumbs.php on line 127

Deprecated: Non-static method NSP_GK4_Thumbs::getRealPath() should not be called statically, assuming $this from incompatible context in /home/jewishne/public_html/modules/mod_news_pro_gk4/gk_classes/gk.thumbs.php on line 32

Deprecated: Non-static method NSP_GK4_Thumbs::checkCache() should not be called statically, assuming $this from incompatible context in /home/jewishne/public_html/modules/mod_news_pro_gk4/gk_classes/gk.thumbs.php on line 206

Deprecated: Non-static method NSP_GK4_Thumbs::translateName() should not be called statically, assuming $this from incompatible context in /home/jewishne/public_html/modules/mod_news_pro_gk4/gk_classes/gk.thumbs.php on line 207

Deprecated: Non-static method NSP_GK4_Thumbs::getRealPath() should not be called statically, assuming $this from incompatible context in /home/jewishne/public_html/modules/mod_news_pro_gk4/gk_classes/gk.thumbs.php on line 32

Deprecated: Non-static method NSP_GK4_Thumbs::translateNameOutput() should not be called statically, assuming $this from incompatible context in /home/jewishne/public_html/modules/mod_news_pro_gk4/tmpl/layout.parts.php on line 306

Deprecated: Non-static method NSP_GK4_Thumbs::getRealPath() should not be called statically, assuming $this from incompatible context in /home/jewishne/public_html/modules/mod_news_pro_gk4/gk_classes/gk.thumbs.php on line 43

Deprecated: Non-static method NSP_GK4_Thumbs::checkSpecialImages() should not be called statically, assuming $this from incompatible context in /home/jewishne/public_html/modules/mod_news_pro_gk4/gk_classes/gk.thumbs.php on line 51

Deprecated: Non-static method NSP_GK4_Utils::cutText() should not be called statically, assuming $this from incompatible context in /home/jewishne/public_html/modules/mod_news_pro_gk4/tmpl/layout.parts.php on line 218

Deprecated: Non-static method NSP_GK4_Utils::cutText() should not be called statically, assuming $this from incompatible context in /home/jewishne/public_html/modules/mod_news_pro_gk4/tmpl/layout.parts.php on line 200

Deprecated: Non-static method NSP_GK4_Thumbs::createThumbnail() should not be called statically, assuming $this from incompatible context in /home/jewishne/public_html/modules/mod_news_pro_gk4/tmpl/layout.parts.php on line 304

Deprecated: Non-static method NSP_GK4_Thumbs::checkSpecialImages() should not be called statically, assuming $this from incompatible context in /home/jewishne/public_html/modules/mod_news_pro_gk4/gk_classes/gk.thumbs.php on line 127

Deprecated: Non-static method NSP_GK4_Thumbs::translateName() should not be called statically, assuming $this from incompatible context in /home/jewishne/public_html/modules/mod_news_pro_gk4/gk_classes/gk.thumbs.php on line 127

Deprecated: Non-static method NSP_GK4_Thumbs::getRealPath() should not be called statically, assuming $this from incompatible context in /home/jewishne/public_html/modules/mod_news_pro_gk4/gk_classes/gk.thumbs.php on line 32

Deprecated: Non-static method NSP_GK4_Thumbs::checkCache() should not be called statically, assuming $this from incompatible context in /home/jewishne/public_html/modules/mod_news_pro_gk4/gk_classes/gk.thumbs.php on line 206

Deprecated: Non-static method NSP_GK4_Thumbs::translateName() should not be called statically, assuming $this from incompatible context in /home/jewishne/public_html/modules/mod_news_pro_gk4/gk_classes/gk.thumbs.php on line 207

Deprecated: Non-static method NSP_GK4_Thumbs::getRealPath() should not be called statically, assuming $this from incompatible context in /home/jewishne/public_html/modules/mod_news_pro_gk4/gk_classes/gk.thumbs.php on line 32

Deprecated: Non-static method NSP_GK4_Thumbs::translateNameOutput() should not be called statically, assuming $this from incompatible context in /home/jewishne/public_html/modules/mod_news_pro_gk4/tmpl/layout.parts.php on line 306

Deprecated: Non-static method NSP_GK4_Thumbs::getRealPath() should not be called statically, assuming $this from incompatible context in /home/jewishne/public_html/modules/mod_news_pro_gk4/gk_classes/gk.thumbs.php on line 43

Deprecated: Non-static method NSP_GK4_Thumbs::checkSpecialImages() should not be called statically, assuming $this from incompatible context in /home/jewishne/public_html/modules/mod_news_pro_gk4/gk_classes/gk.thumbs.php on line 51

Deprecated: Non-static method NSP_GK4_Utils::cutText() should not be called statically, assuming $this from incompatible context in /home/jewishne/public_html/modules/mod_news_pro_gk4/tmpl/layout.parts.php on line 218

Deprecated: Non-static method NSP_GK4_Utils::cutText() should not be called statically, assuming $this from incompatible context in /home/jewishne/public_html/modules/mod_news_pro_gk4/tmpl/layout.parts.php on line 200

Deprecated: Non-static method NSP_GK4_Thumbs::createThumbnail() should not be called statically, assuming $this from incompatible context in /home/jewishne/public_html/modules/mod_news_pro_gk4/tmpl/layout.parts.php on line 304

Deprecated: Non-static method NSP_GK4_Thumbs::checkSpecialImages() should not be called statically, assuming $this from incompatible context in /home/jewishne/public_html/modules/mod_news_pro_gk4/gk_classes/gk.thumbs.php on line 127

Deprecated: Non-static method NSP_GK4_Thumbs::translateName() should not be called statically, assuming $this from incompatible context in /home/jewishne/public_html/modules/mod_news_pro_gk4/gk_classes/gk.thumbs.php on line 127

Deprecated: Non-static method NSP_GK4_Thumbs::getRealPath() should not be called statically, assuming $this from incompatible context in /home/jewishne/public_html/modules/mod_news_pro_gk4/gk_classes/gk.thumbs.php on line 32

Deprecated: Non-static method NSP_GK4_Thumbs::checkCache() should not be called statically, assuming $this from incompatible context in /home/jewishne/public_html/modules/mod_news_pro_gk4/gk_classes/gk.thumbs.php on line 206

Deprecated: Non-static method NSP_GK4_Thumbs::translateName() should not be called statically, assuming $this from incompatible context in /home/jewishne/public_html/modules/mod_news_pro_gk4/gk_classes/gk.thumbs.php on line 207

Deprecated: Non-static method NSP_GK4_Thumbs::getRealPath() should not be called statically, assuming $this from incompatible context in /home/jewishne/public_html/modules/mod_news_pro_gk4/gk_classes/gk.thumbs.php on line 32

Deprecated: Non-static method NSP_GK4_Thumbs::translateNameOutput() should not be called statically, assuming $this from incompatible context in /home/jewishne/public_html/modules/mod_news_pro_gk4/tmpl/layout.parts.php on line 306

Deprecated: Non-static method NSP_GK4_Thumbs::getRealPath() should not be called statically, assuming $this from incompatible context in /home/jewishne/public_html/modules/mod_news_pro_gk4/gk_classes/gk.thumbs.php on line 43

Deprecated: Non-static method NSP_GK4_Thumbs::checkSpecialImages() should not be called statically, assuming $this from incompatible context in /home/jewishne/public_html/modules/mod_news_pro_gk4/gk_classes/gk.thumbs.php on line 51

Deprecated: Non-static method NSP_GK4_Utils::cutText() should not be called statically, assuming $this from incompatible context in /home/jewishne/public_html/modules/mod_news_pro_gk4/tmpl/layout.parts.php on line 218
World Jewish Congress launches petition to ICRC demanding Hamas return bodies of IDF soldiers

World Jewish Congress launches peti…

NEW YORK - The World Jewi...

PM Netanyahu meets with top Chinese corporate leaders

PM Netanyahu meets with top Chinese…

​The Prime Minister expre...

World Jewish Congress welcomes Swiss lawmakers' push to protect religious communities, end government funding of BDS

World Jewish Congress welcomes Swis…

NEW YORK - World Jewish C...

PM Netanyahu meets with Russian President Putin

PM Netanyahu meets with Russian Pre…

​The threat of radical Sh...

WJC President Lauder condemns desecration of Jewish cemetery in Philadelphia: ‘We must never be complacent in the face of anti-Semitism’

WJC President Lauder condemns desec…

NEW YORK - World Jewish C...

PM Netanyahu's remarks at the White House

PM Netanyahu's remarks at the White…

Let us seize this moment ...

PM Netanyahu meets with British PM May

PM Netanyahu meets with British PM …

​I’d like to talk to you ...

UK lawmaker blames Israel, Jews for growth of anti-Semitism

UK lawmaker blames Israel, Jews for…

WJC, A British lawmaker k...

WJC laments shocking rise in number of anti-Semitic incidents registered in UK

WJC laments shocking rise in number…

The Community Security Tr...

PM Netanyahu speaks with US President Donald Trump

PM Netanyahu speaks with US Preside…

​The Prime Minister expre...

Prev Next
A+ A A-

Deprecated: Non-static method JSite::getMenu() should not be called statically, assuming $this from incompatible context in /home/jewishne/public_html/templates/gk_news/lib/framework/helper.layout.php on line 181

Deprecated: Non-static method JApplication::getMenu() should not be called statically, assuming $this from incompatible context in /home/jewishne/public_html/includes/application.php on line 539

Bnei Menashe Community in Northeastern India Holds a Hugh 'Model Seder' for Passover

CHURACHANDPUR, Manipur, More than 550 members of the Bnei Menashe community from the northeastern Indian state of Manipur participated in a massive pre-Passover “Model Seder” Tuesday night at the Shavei Israel Hebrew Center in Churachandpur to mark the upcoming holiday and learn about Passover practices and customs.

The Bnei Menashe are descendants of the tribe of Manasseh, one of the Ten Lost Tribes of Israel who were exiled from the Land of Israel more than 2,700 years ago by the Assyrian empire. Some 3,000 Bnei Menashe have thus far made Aliyah thanks to Shavei Israel, and another 7,000 are still in India waiting for the chance to move.

Shavei Israel Fellow J. Benyamin Haokip led the special Passover Seder and gave a shiur (lesson) on the various laws of the festival. Local community Chairman T.K. Avihu Singsit delivered a brief speech thanking Shavei Israel for organizing the event for the benefit of the Bnei Menashe community and expressed the hope that next year, the Bnei Menashe will be able to celebrate the holiday in Jerusalem.

“Passover symbolizes the Jewish people’s deliverance, and the Seder embodies the deepest hopes of the Bnei Menashe community, which has been dreaming for so long to make Aliyah,” said Shavei Israel Founder and Chairman Michael Freund.

“In the past two years, we have brought 1,000 Bnei Menashe to Israel,” Freund said. “We hope the remaining 7,000 members of the community still in India will soon experience the same taste of freedom -- next year in Jerusalem!”
Read more...

Matzah Cake

8 Matzah
2 tsp. Coffee mixed with
1 cup hot water
2 sticks soft butter or margarine
½ cup sugar
4 oz. Ground cooking chocolate
1-2 liqueur


Break the Massah into small pieces (1 inch square approx.) And pour the hot coffee over it. Mix well.Cream the soft butter/margarine together with the sugar, the ground chocolate and the liqueur. When all ingredients are well mixed, combine them with the Massah and transfer into a square dish.

Decorate with 2-3 tbsp. ground chocolate and 2 tbsp. ground walnuts.

Refrigerate overnight. Cut into diamond shaped pieces and serve.
Read more...

Matzah Ball Soup

Also known as Jewish penicillin. Matzah balls are more traditionally known as knaydelach (Yiddish for dumplings). Matzah ball soup is generally a very thin chicken broth with two or three ping-pong-ball sized matzah balls (or sometimes one very large matzah ball) in it. Sometimes, a few large pieces of carrot or celery are added. Matzah balls can be very soft and light or firm and heavy. A friend of mine describes the two types as "floaters and sinkers." Matzah ball soup is commonly served at the Passover seder, but is also eaten all year round.

Below is my recipe for matzah ball soup. The parsley in the matzah balls is not traditional, but I like it that way.

  • 1/2 cup matzah meal
  • 2 eggs
  • 2 tbsp. oil or schmaltz (melted chicken fat)
  • 2 tbsp. water or chicken broth
  • 2 tbsp. fresh chopped parsley
  • a little black pepper
  • 2 quartsthin chicken broth or consommי
Beat the eggs, oil and water together thoroughly. Add the matzah meal, parsley and black pepper and mix until you achieve an even consistency. Let this sit for a few minutes, so the matzah meal absorbs the other ingredients, and stir again.

Bring the broth to a vigorous boil, then reduce the heat until the broth is just barely boiling. Wet your hands and make balls of about 1-2 tbsp. of the batter. Drop the balls gently into the boiling water. They will be cooked enough to eat in about 15 minutes; however, you may want to leave it simmering longer to absorb more of the chicken broth flavor. They are done when they float on top of the broth and look bloated.

For lighter matzah balls, use a little less oil, a little more water, and cook at a lower temperature for a longer time. For heavier matzah balls, do the reverse. If you are using this to treat a cold, put extra black pepper into the broth (pepper clears the sinuses).
Read more...

Chocolate Espresso Torte for Passover


Preheat oven to 325. Grease 9" springform pan. Place wax paper on bottom of pan. Grease and flour (use Passover cake meal to dust the pan); set aside.


1 cup butter or margarine

1 cup sugar + 1 Tbsp. sugar

1 cup espresso + 2 Tbsp. espresso

16 oz. semisweet chocolate (large package)

6 eggs, plus

6 egg yolks

confectioner's sugar (garnish)

Place butter, sugar and espresso in the top of a double boiler and heat until sugar dissolves. Pour hot liquid over chocolate and stir until dissolved; set aside. Beat eggs and yolks until frothy; add to the chocolate mixture and pour into pan.

Bake for 1 hour; edges should crack slightly. Remove from oven and cool; cover and refrigerate. Remove from pan and sprinkle with confectioner's sugar (must be kosher for passover)

Important: this cake is rich and has no flour. It is almost as creamy as cheesecake. You should only serve tiny thin slices. When you remove this cake from the oven it looks like it is Not set; and it isn't. It Must go in the refrigerator at least for 12 hours.
Read more...

Ancient Chinese Jewish Community of Kaifeng to Hold Traditional Passover Seder for First Time

Kaifeng, China, Nearly 100 members of the ancient Jewish community of Kaifeng, China, are expected to attend a first-of-its-kind traditional Passover Seder that will take place next Monday, April 14, at the start of the holiday in Kaifeng. The Seder, which is being sponsored by the Jerusalem-based Shavei Israel organization, will be conducted for the first time by 28-year-old Tzuri (Heng) Shi, who made Aliyah (moved to Israel) from Kaifeng a few years ago with the help of Shavei Israel and completed his formal return to Judaism last year.

As part of the preparation for the upcoming Seder, Tzuri was sent to Kaifeng by the Shavei Israel organization with all of the traditional Passover items including: Kosher Matzah packages from Israel, Kosher for Passover wine, Passover Haggadahs (traditional book used on Passover that explains the order of the Seder), which were prepared especially in Hebrew and Chinese, Kosher for Passover cakes, traditional red horseradish, and traditional Charoset (a sweet, dark-colored paste made of fruits and nuts eaten at the Passover Seder).

"We are proud and excited to organize this historic event," said Shavei Israel Chairman and Founder Michael Freund. "Kaifeng's Jewish descendants are a living link between China and the Jewish people, and it is very moving to see the remnants of this community returning to their Jewish roots as they prepare for Passover," he added.

Scholars believe the first Jews settled in Kaifeng, which was one of China's imperial capitals, during the 8th or 9th Century. They are said to have been Sephardic Jewish merchants from Persia or Iraq who made their way eastward along the Silk Route and established themselves in the city with the blessing of the Chinese emperor.

In 1163, Kaifeng's Jews built a large and beautiful synagogue, which was subsequently renovated and rebuilt on numerous occasions throughout the centuries. At its peak, during the Ming Dynasty (1368-1644), the Kaifeng Jewish community may have numbered as many as 5,000 people. But widespread intermarriage and assimilation, as well as the death of the community's last rabbi, brought about its demise by the middle of the 19th century.

Nevertheless, many of the families sought to preserve their Jewish identity and pass it down to their descendants, who continued to observe various Jewish customs. Currently, there are estimated to be approximately 1,000 Jewish descendants in Kaifeng.

“In recent years, many members of the community have begun to explore their heritage – thanks in part to the Internet, which opened up new worlds for them and provided access to information about Judaism and Israel that was previously inaccessible to them,” Freund noted.

Read more...

Sixty Minute Seder - YOU NO LONGER NEED TO PASS OVER PASSOVER

Many of our readers are already considering whether to keep the same old Haggadah for next Passover or try something new. Well we have something for you to consider, something that surprisingly proves it’s possible for a Reform, Progressive, Liberal, Reconstructionist, Conservative and Orthodox Rabbi to agree on something: The soon-to-be released Sixty-Minute Seder: Preserving the Essence of the Passover Haggadah by the husband and wife team, Cass and Nellie Foster, of Kauai.

Not only are Rabbis from every denomination turning in favorable reviews, they’re coming from all over the world. So what is it they’re praising? We’ll let them speak for themselves as we start with a Conservative Rabbi in the U.S. and a Reform Rabbi in Spain: Rabbi Jerome Epstein, the Chief Israel Affairs Officer of the United Synagogue of Conservative Judaism says: “For those who seek a modified Seder that will stimulate discussion, inspire interest and educate Jews with a range of backgrounds will find the Sixty-Minute Seder a perfect script for the Pesach drama.” And then Rabbi Bonnie Cohen in Spain says: “(This) is a wonderful resource that will enable people to create their own Passover Seder in a personal and meaningful way…I highly recommend it.”

A Reform Rabbi in Israel, Rabbi Michael Boyden tells us: “Creating such a Haggadah is no simple undertaking and you are to be congratulated for making the traditional Haggadah more accessible.” And a similar review from the U.K., Rabbi Dr. Andrew Goldstein, President, Liberal Judaism: "You have done a great job in highlighting the main points of the Haggadah and arranging them in an order that allows the Seder to flow and the story it tells to be easily absorbed...I hope the book is a success and helps many to have a meaningful Seder."

Rabbi Judith HaLevy, a Reconstructionist Rabbi at the Malibu Jewish Center and Synagogue in the U.S. gives us a good sense of the contents: “Cass and Nellie Foster have done an amazing job of sifting the essence of the Passover ritual from the embellishments of time. Each section is explained clearly, with the appropriate blessings in Hebrew and transliteration. The outstanding glossary of terms make it possible for a newcomer to understand the background of the symbols and rituals without adding long readings to the text.”

While Rabbi David Stern, a Conservative Rabbi in Victoria, Australia adds, “Sure to inspire and aid in Seders for years to come!" And an Orthodox Rabbi, Rabbi Leo Fettman, co-author of SHOAH: Journey from the Ashes, gives us a unique perspective with "You have created a Sixty-Minute Seder for seniors! We love your book. It is great and written so warmly and clearly, it’s perfect for our seniors here at the care facility.”

And then we hear from the Liberal Rabbi Dr. Walter Rothschild of Vienna, Austria who is also the State Rabbi of Schleswig-Holstein, Germany with: " 'Dayenu' - yes, one CAN have enough, one can have much more than enough, and it is important to concentrate on the basics so that all present can experience, learn and enjoy the Seder. This is what the Sixty-Minute Haggadah sets out to do and it succeeds!"

And we conclude our worldwide praise by returning to the U.S. with Conservative Rabbi Jack Moline of Agudas Achim Congregation in Alexandria, Virginia: “…you now hold an opportunity to discover a truth about this long-standing ritual that is often obscured by the focus on form over substance. The order of the Seder is a framework for building your own story of liberation. Cass and Nellie Foster have distilled it to its essence.”

When we asked the Fosters how they went about reducing a typically two-to-five hour long Seder to sixty minutes Cass tells us he did do some reduction with a few of the
steps but “Primarily eliminated commentary. We’re hoping our readers will be satisfied with going through the steps in the proper order as we provide an opportunity to explore their own point of view.” And Nellie adds, “We spend a fair amount of time explaining how to prepare the home and conduct the Seder and I provide plenty of meal suggestions but the bottom line is our readers will be able to host a Seder regardless of how familiar they are with Passover or Judaism in general. We kept the unaffiliated and Interfaith families very much in mind when we put this together.”

According to Linda F. Radke, the president of Five Star Publications, Inc., the publisher of the Sixty-Minute Seder: Preserving the Essence of the Passover Haggadah, “With more than 3,500 Haggadahs in print and no two having the same content, revisiting the Haggadah is not unheard of. Though pared down to only sixty minutes, this Haggadah still has it all, from planning to preparation to the actual presentation of the Seder.”

And what makes their Haggadah even more different is the opportunity for readers to provide input on their experience with the Haggadah. Cass and Nellie have already implemented improvements for their next edition thanks to reader feedback.

For information about ordering please contact Five Star Publications, Inc. by
phoning (480) 940-8182, emailing This email address is being protected from spambots. You need JavaScript enabled to view it. or by visiting their website at www.SixtyMinuteSeder.com - where you can also learn more about the Rabbis mentioned in this article in their REVIEW section. Just tell them you learned about them from the New York Jewish Guide.
Read more...

Jewish News - Judaism Means Healthy Living

Between the deep fried food on Chanukah and the cholesterol rich food on Passover, traditional Jewish comfort food does not inherently align itself with a healthy lifestyle

By Benjamin Waldman

“Whoever is idle and does not exercise . . . even if he eats the proper foods and takes care to follow the rules of medicine, will be full of pain for all his days and his strength will fade away.”

When Maimonides wrote these words in the 12th Century, gym memberships and personal trainers were as foreign to his contemporaries as iphones and Facebook. Nine centuries later, popular attitudes toward fitness and nutrition have changed. Farmers’ markets are thriving, schools are switching to whole grains and low fat milk, and companies are providing incentives for their employees to exercise. Today, few people deny that a healthy lifestyle greatly improves one’s life. However, the American Jewish community has been slow to embrace this wisdom into its identity.

The Torah (in Deuteronomy 4:15) implores us to “[b]e extremely protective of [our] lives,” from which Rabbis derived the concept of shmirat haguf, literally protecting one’s body. This protection has been viewed to include physical health and wellness. Shmirat haguf is difficult to accomplish given the fact that many Jewish traditions revolve around food.

There is a well-known adage regarding Jewish ritual; we won let’s feast, we lost let’s fast. Unfortunately, between the deep fried food on Chanukah and the cholesterol rich food on Passover, traditional Jewish comfort food does not inherently align itself with a healthy lifestyle. Moreover, there is a notion that observing the laws of kashrut inherently equates with maintaining a healthy lifestyle. While the jury is still out on any health benefits of keeping kosher, in this day and age, kashrut is not sufficient to fulfill the requirement that one take care of his body.

As a community, we must redouble our efforts to take care of our health. How better to affect change on a communal level than by reaching out to the youth? Teaching our children about fitness and healthy cooking in a warm and energetic environment will ensure that they internalize the importance of a healthy lifestyle. Earlier this year, a passionate group of social entrepreneurs founded a new overnight summer camp called Camp Zeke.

Zeke, which is derived from the Hebrew name Yechezkel connotes immense strength. Immense strength, emanating from a joyful, healthy, and active lifestyle is what the camp seeks to instill in its campers. Camp Zeke will be the only Jewish camp where children will enjoy their classic summer camp experience, while simultaneously eating healthful food and learning valuable lessons from experts in exercise, cooking, and nutrition. They will be able to don an apron and cook elaborate dishes with a professional chef and customize their experience with numerous electives. Though current Jewish camps might offer sports, dance, yoga, and cooking, Zeke will be the only camp to do so as part of a comprehensive curriculum designed to guide kids along the path of growing up as healthy adults.

Camp Zeke will utilize traditional camp activities from capture-the-flag to communal meals – which at Zeke will be prepared by the campers – as learning opportunities that will remain with campers long after the summer is over. The time-honored Jewish teaching that physical and spiritual wellbeing go hand in hand is an integral part of Camp Zeke’s mission and will help to fill a current void in the Jewish community.

Read more...

Passover

 

Passover on the 15th of Nissan we celebrate our freedom as Jews. God redeemed our ancestors from bitter slavery in Egypt.

After 210 years of slavery in Egypt, Moses told Pharaoh that he must "Let My People Go." Each time Pharaoh refused to release the Israelites, God brought another plague upon the Egyptians. The tenth and final plague was the death of firstborn children. In executing this plague, God passed through the land of Egypt, but "passed over" Jewish homes.

Every Passover, we are commanded to read the "Hagada" – (a special book with the Passover story) during the Passover Seder.

Seder means organization and the Passover Seder means the organized way to perform the Passover commandments. The Torah commands Jews on Passover to tell the story of the Exodus and to eat matzah. We also must eat bitter herbs (to remind us of the suffering in Egypt), eat extra matzah called afikoman (to remind us of the Passover sacrifice), sing and praise God, drink four cups of wine.

Read more...

Passover - Seder plate

Preparing the Seder plate requires several hours of work. It is advisable to get other members of the house to help so that the work will be completed before the Seder begins. It is best to prepare all the seder foods before the onset of the Holiday in order to avoid halachic questions.

Three Matzot are placed on top of each other on a plate or napkin and then covered.

The Matzot are symbolic of the three castes of Jews: Priests, Levites and Israelites. They also commemorate the three measures of fine flour that Abraham told Sarah to bake into Matzah when they were visited by the three angels.

On a practical level, three Matzot are needed so that when we break the middle Matzah, we are still left with two whole ones to pronounce the Hamotzi (as required on Shabbat and Holidays).

On a cloth or plate placed above the three Matzot we place the following items:

§ The Shankbone

§ The Egg

§ The Bitter Herbs

§ The Mixture

§ The Vegetable

§ The Bitter Herbs

The special foods we eat on Passover are also food for thought. Every item on the Seder plate abounds in meaning and allusion. Following are a description of each of the Seder plate foods listed above with the reason each is included, the method of preparing it, and its role in the Seder meal

The Shank Bone

 

A piece of roasted meat represents the lamb that was the special Paschal Sacrifice on the eve of the exodus from Egypt. The Paschal Sacrifice was brought in the afternoon before Passover in the time of the Holy Temple.

Preparation: Roast neck on all sides over an open fire on the stove. Afterwards, some have the custom to remove for the majority of the meat of the neck.

Role in the Seder: The shank bone is not eaten. After the meal it is refrigerated and used a second

time on the Seder plate the following night.

 

The Egg


A hard boiled egg represents the Holiday Offering in the days of the Holy Temple. The meat of this animal constituted the main part of the Passover meal.

Preparation: Boil one egg per Seder plate and possibly more for use during the meal.

Role in the Seder: Place one egg on each plate. As soon as the actual meal is about to begin, remove the egg from the Seder plate and use during the meal.

A popular way of eating these eggs is to chop and mix them with the salt water which was set on the table. The eggs prepared this way are then served as an appetizer before the fish.

 

The Bitter Herbs


Bitter herbs remind us of the bitterness of the slavery of our forefathers in Egypt. Fresh horseradish, romaine lettuce and endive are the most common choices.

The greens must be washed extremely well before the Holiday begins and care must be taken to check for insects. Afterwards, they are dried very well.

Preparation: This must be done before the Holiday begins. Peel the raw horseradish roots and rinse them off well.

Note: Dry the roots very carefully, since they will be eaten with the matzah later on for the "matzah and maror sandwich" and not even a drop of water should be left on the horseradish, to avoid gebrokts.

Next, grate the horseradish with a hand grater or electric grinder.

NOTE: Whoever will be grating the horseradish will begin to shed copious tears or cough a lot. Covering the face with a cloth from the eyes downwards helps prevent inhalation of the strong, bitter odor.

The marror is placed on the Seder plate on top of a few cleaned, dried leaves of romaine lettuce (which is also maror).

Role in the Seder: After the recital of most of the Haggadah comes the ritual hand washing. Then matzah is eaten followed by some marror folded in one or two romaine lettuce leaves, followed in turn by a sandwich of matzah, marror, and romaine lettuce leaves.

 

The Paste


A mixture of apples, nuts and wine which resembles the mortar and brick made by the Jews when they toiled for Pharaoh.

Preparation: Peel walnuts and apples and chop finely. Mix together and add a small amount of wine.

Role in the Seder: This is used as a type of relish into which the marror is dipped (and then shaken off) before eating


The Vegetable


A non-bitter root vegetable alludes to the back-breaking work of the Jews as slaves. The Hebrew letters of karpas can be arranged to spell "Perach Samech".

Perach means backbreaking work and Samech is numerically equivalent to 60, referring to the 60 myriads (10,000), equaling 600,000, which was the number of Jewish males over 20 years of age who were enslaved in Egypt.

Preparation: Peel an onion or boiled potato. Cut off a slice and place on Seder plate. On the table, next to the Seder plate, place a small bowl of salted water.

Role in the Seder: After recital of Kiddush, the family goes to the sink and ritually washes hands, but without saying the usual blessing.

Then the head of the household cuts a small piece of the root vegetable used, dips it in salt water, and gives each person at the table a very small piece over which they say the appropriate blessing. Care should be taken that each person eats less than 17 grams ( 1/2 ounce).

The Lettuce


The lettuce symbolizes the bitter enslavement of our fathers in Egypt. The leaves of Romaine lettuce are not bitter, but the stem, when left to grow in the ground, turns hard and bitter.

So it was with our enslavement in Egypt. At first the deceitful approach of Pharoah was soft and sensible and the work was done voluntarily and even for pay. Gradually, it evolved into forced and cruel labor.

Preparation: Romaine lettuce is often very sandy. Wash each of the leaves separately, checking very carefully for insects. (Pat gently with a towel and let sit until completely dry, so that there will be no moisture to come in contact with the matzah.)

Depending on how much romaine lettuce is needed, it can take several hours to prepare. This task should be completed before candle lighting time on the first night. Prepare enough leaves for both nights and store in the refrigerator. Soaking of the Romaine leaves may not be done on the Holiday.

Role in the Seder: the Lettuce is used in conjunction with horseradish. It is used when eating the marror and when eating the matzoh and maror sandwich.

Place the leaves in two piles on the Seder plate, one under the maror and one separately at the bottom.

Keep a stack of extra cleaned leaves handy in the refrigerator in case additional leaves are needed.

The content in this page is produced by Chabad.

 

Read more...
Subscribe to this RSS feed
40% off 4 or more products. Enter code 40SPRING at checkout. Get a discount with a minimum purchase at PaulFredrick.com
Travel Deals to top Destinations. Get yours now

Sections

Jewish Traditions

About Us

Community

Cooperations

Follow Us